1.Meth use has reached epidemic proportions and affects every part of the country. Meth use is rampant in big cities and small towns, and even in rural areas. A 2002 survey by the National Institute on Drug Abuse revealed that about 5 percent of Americans at least 12 years old have tried meth at least once. This shocking statistic translates into more than 12 million people.
2.Tissue consists of millions of cells that are grouped together to perform a specific function in the body. Muscle tissue, for example, is one particular type of tissue. It consists of millions of threadlike muscle cells. In addition to muscle tissue, there are three other basic types of tissue: nerve, epidermal , and connective tissue.
3.It is also a good idea to see your dentist at least once a year. Having your teeth cleaned, examined, and periodically x-rayed can prevent painful, expensive problems later on. In addition to checking your teeth for cavities, your dentist will also examine your mouth and gums for signs of disease, such as mouth cancer or gingivitis.
4.A periodic eye exam is wise preventive measure. An optometrist can check your vision to determine whether you need corrective lenses. An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who can test your vision, but who also specializes in eye diseases and surgery.
5.Your emotional health is every bit as important as your physical health, and the two are related, in fact. Many schools, companies, and local agencies offer free screening for depression. Perhaps you are going through a difficult time in your life. Perhaps you feel chronically anxious or depressed. In either case, you should consult a professional who is trained to deal with these problems.
6.Every year, millions of tons of office paper are discarded. Despite the promise of improved computer systems and networking technologies, the paperless society has yet to materialize, and most experts now believe it never will.
7.Blue laws are also known as Sabbath laws. They were passed to restrict or forbid business and recreation on the Sabbath, which is the Christian day of rest. One blue law in some states forbids the sale of alcoholic beverages before noon on Sundays.
8.C. Northcote Parkinson, a British writer, formulated Parkinson’s rule: “Work expands to fill the time allotted to it; or, conversely, the amount of work completed is in inverse proportion to the number of people employed.” Simply said: If you have an hour to do a 5-minute job, it will take an hour to do it. A large number of people accomplish less work than a smaller number of people.
9.Fence, humanly erected barrier between two divisions of land, used to mark a legal or other boundary, to keep animals or people in or out, and sometimes as an ornament. In newly settled lands fences are usually made of materials at hand, e.g., stone, earth, or wood.
10.Persian tents, usually circular, were early noted for rich hangings and rugs. Army tents developed by ancient peoples include the small, skin-covered tents of the Greeks and the Roman tents of canvas supported by two upright poles and a ridgepole. Medieval military tents were round or oval and were often lavishly hung with silks or furs.
11.The Bayeux tapestry is among the most famous examples of embroidery. The art probably antedates that of weaving. Needlework is mentioned in the Vedas and in Exodus in the Bible. In ancient Egypt, gold was used for the decorative stitches, which often covered the entire garment; such work has been found on mummy wrappings.
12.Hairdressing, is arranging of the hair for decorative, ceremonial, or symbolic reasons. Primitive men plastered their hair with clay and tied trophies and badges into it to represent their feats and qualities. Among women, a band to keep the hair from the eyes was the forerunner of the fillet.
12.Artificial intelligence has been one of the most controversial domains of inquiry in computer science since it was first proposed in the 1950s. Defined as the part of computer science concerned with designing systems that exhibit the characteristics associated with human intelligence understanding language, learning, reasoning, solving problems.
13.In the year ending June 2015 New Zealand dairy companies processed 21.3 billion liters of milk. In 2015 there were just over 5 million cows being milked, an increase of 1.9% over the previous season and the first time the number has surpassed 5 million. The average herd size in New Zealand is 419.
14.When a major disaster strikes, the first people on the scene are often local organizations, residents and volunteers. They are often faced with the retrieval and immediate management of dead bodies before forensic experts can arrive.
15.Surgical site infections are caused by bacteria that get in through incisions made during surgery. They threaten the lives of millions of patients each year and contribute to the spread of antibiotic resistance. In low- and middle-income countries, 11% of patients who undergo surgery are infected in the process.
16.All plants and animals need food which provides the energy they need to live.Green plants make their own food. They use the energy from the sun to make their own food. Some of this food is used, and some is stored in the roots, stems, and leaves.
17.Treating is all of the refining processes intended to remove unwanted compounds involves removing or significantly reducing molecules that are corrosive or cause air pollution, especially sulfur. European Union sulfur emission standards are very stringent.
18.Marine engineers are skilled individuals involved in the design, construction and maintenance of vehicles and structures used on or around water. Marine engineering technology and techniques are used to create cruise ships, oil platforms and harbors.
19.There is effectively an oil spill every day at Coal Oil Point , the natural seeps off Santa Barbara where 20 to 25 tons of oil have leaked from the seafloor each day for the last several hundred thousand years. The oil from natural seeps and from man-made spills are both formed from the decay of buried fossil remains that are transformed over millions of years.
20.In the course of a year, individuals in the United States suffer one billion colds, according to some estimates. Adults average about two to four colds a year, although the range varies widely. Women, especially those aged 20–30 years, have more colds than men, possibly because of their closer contact with children.
21.Viruses cause infection by overcoming the body’s complex defense system. The body’s first line of defense is mucus, produced by the membranes in the nose and throat. Mucus traps the material we inhale: pollen, dust, bacteria, and viruses.
22.Blood types become very important when a blood transfusion is necessary. In a blood transfusion, a patient must receive a blood type that is compatible with his or her own blood type—that is, the donated blood must be accepted by the patient’s own blood.
23.Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of arteries. Blood pressure is recorded as two numbers—the systolic pressure over the diastolic pressure. The measurement is written one above or before the other, with the systolic number on top and the diastolic number on the bottom.
24.The basic building block of every living thing is the cell. Cells themselves are extremely complex, come in many different shapes and sizes, and serve countless different functions. Most cells are microscopic. A group of similar cells gathered together is called a tissue. Tissues, which may be visible to the naked eye, include bone, muscle, fat, and skin.
25.We use our teeth to bite and chew food, the first stage in digestion. Babies start to get their first teeth, called milk or deciduous teeth, at about 6 months. By around age 2, children have 20 teeth: four central incisors, four lateral incisors, four canines and eight premolars.
26.You don’t feel with your heart. Feelings and emotions are stored in your brain. You don’t think with your head. You think with your brain, which is inside your head. You see with your eyes and hear with your ears, but your eyes must send a message to your brain in order for you to see, and your ears must send a message to your brain in order for you to hear.
27.Hand washing is the simplest and most effective way to keep from getting rhinovirus colds. Not touching the nose or eyes is another. Individuals with colds should always sneeze or cough into a facial tissue, and promptly throw it away.
28.Belongings tells the stories of some of these people through personal mementos, photographs and memories. Some are treasured objects brought from the ‘old country’; others are souvenirs of the journey out; or keepsakes from their first home or job. All help us understand how migration changed their lives and – through the cultures and traditions they brought with them – the lives of all Australians forever.
29.The defining question about global order for this generation is whether China and the United States can escape Thucydides’s Trap. The Greek historian’s metaphor reminds us of the attendant dangers when a rising power rivals a ruling power—as Athens challenged Sparta in ancient Greece, or as Germany rose to rival Britain a century ago
30.Chinese rulers have succumbed to the temptation to pay off spiraling debts simply by printing money. Inflationary scourges ravaged dynasty after dynasty, with both the Mongols and Mao Zedong’s Communists seizing power in a country eviscerated by depreciated paper.
31.Life may not have a purpose but science does, to make our lives more comfortable. In doing so, scientific intervention has the capacity to change the course of human evolution. Tools altering human anatomy is but one instance. One such intervention set the evolutionary barn on fire.
32.Arthur Laffer, the man who claims credit for Ronald Reagan’s tax cuts, says similar policies following Donald Trump’s election will lead to economic “nirvana” in the USA. The 76-year-old ,who gave his name to the “Laffer curve” that links tax rates to revenues — says he is close to many of the president elect’s economic advisers and picks for cabinet positions.
33.Although movie critics have never considered George Lucas an auteur, for untold millions of “Star Wars” fans he remains an unrivaled fount of entertainment. Peter Jackson, director of the “Lord of the Rings” trilogy, has said that Mr. Lucas is “the Thomas Edison of the modern film industry.”
34.Statistics reflect vital information about the economy, the well-being of the population and the environment. Society relies on statistics being visible, accessible and robust, and on statistically literate people making the best use of the information to determine future action. Statistical literacy then, is the ability to accurately understand, interpret and evaluate the data that inform these issues.
35.Housing fulfills the basic needs that people have for security, privacy and shelter. While the adequacy of housing is an important component of individual well-being, housing also has a great impact on the nation’s economy, with its influence on investment levels, interest rates, building activity and employment.
36.Being physically active benefits people’s health significantly, including reducing the risk of some chronic conditions, helping to control weight, and improving mental health. In recent decades, there has been a decline in physical activity because more people work in offices rather than in manual jobs.
37.Students who wish to take a break from their studies, will need to put in an application for Leave of Absence. If your application is successful, you will be notified via email. At the end of your Leave of Absence, you must re-enroll at Student Services and in the subjects you intend to study.
38.There are a number of tests available which can suggest if a person is telling the truth, but knowing which ones are accurate is not easy. A newly created test is claimed to be the most accurate yet in lie detection. However, questions have been raised about this accuracy and ethics.
39.A student exchange programme complements formal education, while promoting tolerance, maturity and independence – all highly sought after qualities in today’s competitive job market. Living in the host country, not as a tourist or guest, but as a member of the community, is what makes the experience both challenging and rewarding.
40.Fruits and vegetables give you high nutrition and low calories. They have nutritional composition, high fiber and water content and boost immunity, improve stamina and protect us from several health problems. The fiber in fruits and vegetables plays an important role in maintaining blood glucose levels.
42.In most contemporary educational systems of the world, secondary education comprises the formal education that occurs during adolescence. It is characterized by transition from the typically compulsory, comprehensive primary education for minors, to the optional, selective tertiary, “post-secondary”, or “higher” education.
43.Many companies have special wellness initiatives for their employees. For instance, Allianz Cornhill’s lifestyle theme has innovative programmes such as Fruit Friday, wherein seasonal fruits sponsored by the company are made available to the staff, and ‘wellness fruit baskets’ are distributed among the employees.
44.We need to think about ourselves. People’s carbon footprint is steadily rising and there is no way to counter this especially with the decline in forest areas in the world. Help us help you to reduce this footprint by planting a life bearing tree. Every person on average needs a tree covered area of 25m X 25m to produce enough
45.Women, although typically more stressed about interviewing, perform better than their male counterparts in job interviews because they handle stress better than guys, say researchers. That is the finding of new research by three University of Western Ontario researchers who looked at how men and women handled the stresses of job interviews.
46.Personality is what defines a person. This includes unique aspects about him, his character, his beliefs, and his behaviour. Fundamentally speaking, when these traits are positive, his personality becomes positive; and when these are negative, his personality is also negative.
47.The ability of regular exercise to lower expenditure on medications is indubitable. Take diabetes patients as an example: The more time they spend on outdoor activities, the less money they spend on medications and other therapies. So physicians advise stepping up daily physical activity. Starting to exercise is really worth it, at any age.
48.Galaxies contain varying amounts of star systems, star clusters and types of interstellar clouds. In between these objects is a sparse interstellar medium of gas, dust, and cosmic rays. Dark matter appears to account for around 90% of the mass of most galaxies. Observational data suggests that super massive black holes may exist at the centre of many, if not all, galaxies.
49.Power generation is a leading cause of air pollution and the single largest source of U.S. global warming emissions. Coal is the worst offender, a dirty energy source that produces less than half our electricity but nearly 80 percent of all power plant carbon emissions. The good news is that coal is on the decline.
50.There’s a better, cleaner way to meet our energy needs. Renewable energy resources like wind and solar power generate electricity with little or no pollution and global warming emissions—and could reliably and affordably provide up to 40 percent of U.S. electricity by 2030, and 80 percent by 2050.
51.The growth of the Industrial Revolution depended on the ability to transport raw materials and finished goods over long distances. There were three main types of transportation that increased during the Industrial Revolution: waterways, roads, and railroads. Transportation was important because people were starting to live in the West.
52.The term “Industrial Revolution” describes the period in which there was a gradual shift of improving the process of manufacturing and distributing goods.But what was the impact of the American Industrial Revolution on society and workers? Even though many new jobs were created and some lives were made easier, there were also problems such as low-wages and pollution.
53.This is highly unlikely to provide the income you need to maintain a comfortable standard of living once you have stopped working.Things to consider include how much you are likely to need to live on in your later years, how long you have to save that amount and what sort of investment vehicles or accounts you should use to achieve your goal.
54.Researchers found that exposure to sunlight is associated with higher levels of spending. Since the sunshine makes us feel more positive, consequently, it also causes us to shop more. Consider this finding your silver lining to less sunlight — the shorter days can lead to increased savings.
55.The nation had few taxes in its early history. From 1791 to 1802, the United States government was supported by internal taxes on distilled spirits, carriages, refined sugar, tobacco and snuff, property sold at auction, corporate bonds, and slaves. The high cost of the War of 1812 brought about the nation’s first sales taxes on gold, silverware, jewelry, and watches. In 1817, however, Congress did away with all internal taxes, relying on tariffs on imported goods to provide sufficient funds for running the government.
56.The Jobs and Growth Tax Relief and Reconciliation Act of 2003 accelerated the tax rate cuts that had been enacted in 2001, and temporarily reduced the tax rate on capital gains and dividends to 15%. In 2004, the U.S. was forced to eliminate a corporate tax provision that had been ruled illegal by the World Trade Organization. Along with that tax hike, Congress passed a cornucopia of tax breaks, which for individuals included an option to deduct the payment of whichever state taxes were higher, sales or income taxes.
57.Australian Muslim women dress in diverse styles and are increasingly choosing to engage with global fashion trends while also expressing their faith. Faith, fashion, fusion explores Sydney’s emerging modest fashion market and the work of a new generation of fashion designers, retailers and bloggers offering stylish clothing and fashion advice to Muslim women.
58.One of the striking features of the town of Griffith is its ‘Italianess’. Some sixty percent of its population can claim an Italian heritage. Griffith was established in 1916 as part of the new Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area (MIA). The largest town in the Riverina, it was designed by Walter Burley Griffin. Returned servicemen and assisted British migrants were encouraged to take up irrigation blocks after the First World War when the MIA failed to attract settlers.
59.Since 1948 there have been 67 UN peacekeeping operations. Close to 130 nations have contributed personnel at various times, and 115 are currently providing uniformed peacekeepers. As of Aug.31, 2012, there were 15 peacekeeping operations under way with a total of 116,515 personnel. Of the 18,170 civilians serving, 12,573 are local. Total fatalities among the peacekeepers stand at 3,025.
60.April 24, 2015, marks the 100th anniversary of the beginning of the Armenian genocide. Much of the world considers the massacre to be the first genocide of the 20th century. According to a majority of historians, between 600,000 and 1.5 million Armenians were murdered or died of starvation at the hands of the Turkish government.
61.The Australian Bureau of Statistics’ Average Weekly Earnings survey is designed to measure the level of average earnings in Australia at a point in time. Movements in average weekly earnings can be affected by changes in both the level of earnings per employee and in the composition of the labour force. Factors which can contribute to compositional change include variations in the proportion of full-time, part-time, casual and junior employees; variations in the occupational distribution within and across industries; and variations in the distribution of employment between industries. Kirsty Parkes, Acting Director of Health and Vital Statistics, said that since 1995, the age at which people have first married has increased by around three years.
62.“Age at first marriage stabilised between 2005 and 2009, but since then has steadily increased. As a result, grooms preparing for their first marriage are now on average 30.1 years of age, while brides are likely to be a shade younger at 28.5 years of age,” said Ms Parkes. “The age of divorcees is also at a record high, now more than five years older on average than they were 20 years ago.
63.The proportion of Australia’s population aged 65 years and over has increased in 2016, continuing a trend of the last two decades, according to the latest figures released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). ABS Demography Director Beidar Cho said that the percentage of the population aged 65 years and over has increased from 12.0 per cent in 1996 to 15.3 per cent in 2016.
64.Businesses with 5-19 persons employed were the most likely to have reported using software as a cloud computing service in 2013-14 (92%). While businesses with 200 or more persons employed recorded the highest proportion to have used processing power to run own software (29%) and storage capacity (73%).
65.Health care and social assistance recorded the highest proportion of businesses to have used software (93%). The Professional, scientific and technical services industry had the highest proportion of businesses to use processing power to run own software (18%), while Information media and telecommunications had the highest proportion to use storage capacity (74%)
66.The quarterly trend underemployment rate remained at 8.5 per cent for a third successive quarter. “The underemployment rate is still at a historically high level for Australia, but has been relatively unchanged over the past two years. Trend series smooth the more volatile seasonally adjusted estimates and provide the best measure of the underlying behaviour of the labour market