The process flowchart represents the four continuous steps involved in the process of recycling unwanted or used products. In the first step, manufacturers distribute the goods to retailers from whom consumers purchase them. After complete utilization of the product, the waste is hand over to the recyclers. Recyclers reproduce raw material to Manufacturers. Overall, the art of converting waste into material can contribute to the eco-friendly environment.
The image shows different stages of bacteriophage.In the first stage, Bacteriophage virus attaches to the surface of bacteria. In the 2nd stage, it injects its genetic material into the bacterial cell which is called entry phase.In the 3rd stage, DNA starts replicating in the bacterial cell.Next stage is the assembly where copies of bacteriophage are formed in the next stage.In the final stage, lysis of bacteria leading to bacterial cell death and virus is released.
This process diagram represents the water cycle through which water is exchanged among Earth’s surface, ocean and atmosphere. In the first step, water from oceans is absorbed, evaporated and formed as a cloud. Clouds travel from oceans to Earth’s atmosphere and precipitate the rain on mountains and lands. Rainwater flows into lakes and rivers which finally flows towards an ocean. Overall, the water cycle improves the Earth’s groundwater levels.
The line graph compares worldwide prices of food and oil from 2000 to 2011.
It is clear that overall prices for
both food and oil increased dramatically over the period shown. Also, the
figure for food was higher for most of the period.
In 2000, the average price of a barrel
of oil was around $95, whereas the figure for food price index stood at about
$90. Over the next 8 years, there was a significant increase in the price of
oil, to reached its highest level at approximately $230 per barrel, compared to
about $220 for food in the year 2008.
Over the following three years, the figures for both food and oil fluctuated. By the year 2011, the food price peaked at around $140, By contrast, the figure for a barrel of oil fell to just under $100.
The line graph illustrates the exporting patterns of wheat of Australia, Canada and the European Community during a time span from 1985 to 1990. Canada was the leading country in the wheat export market in 1985 with slightly under 20 million tonnes of wheat exported. Australia traded the least wheat in 1985 (15 million tonnes), falling not a big gap behind the European Community (about 17 million tonnes). Interestingly, one year later in 1986, Australia surpassed the European Community as the second leading country in exporting wheat, while Canada maintained its position. In the next two years in 1988, Canada’s wheat exports reached an all-time high of 25 million tonnes, leaving the other competitors a long way behind. The year 1989 was noticeable in that both Canada’s wheat export and Australia’s stood at their lowest points with Canada trading only 14 million tonnes and Australia trading slightly over 10 million. During the period between 1986 and 1990, the European Community’s wheat export experienced an upward trend, ultimately ending as the market leader in 1990 with over 20 million tonnes, followed by Canada (slightly under 20 million tonnes) and Australia (over 10 million tonnes).
The line graph compares three companies in terms of their waste output between the years 2000 and 2015.It is clear that there were significant changes in the amounts of waste produced by all three companies shown on the graph.
In 2000, company A produced 12
tonnes of waste, while companies B and C produced around 8 tonnes and 4 tonnes
of waste material respectively. Over the following 5 years, the waste output of
companies B and C rose by around 2 tonnes, but the figure for company A fell by
approximately 1 tonne.
From 2005 to 2015, company A cut waste production by roughly 3 tonnes, and company B reduced its waste by around 7 tonnes. By contrast, company C saw an increase in waste production of approximately 4 tonnes over the same 10-year period. By 2015, company C’s waste output had risen to 10 tonnes, while the respective amounts of waste from companies A and B had dropped to 8 tonnes and only 3 tonnes.
The bar chart compares the amount of time spent by people in the UK on three different types of phone call between 1995 and 2002.
It is clear that calls made via
local, fixed lines were the most popular type, in terms of overall usage,
throughout the period shown. The lowest figures on the chart are for mobile
calls, but this category also saw the most dramatic increase in user minutes.
In 1995, people in the UK used fixed lines for a total of just over 70 billion minutes for local calls, and about half of that amount of time for national or international calls. By contrast, mobile phones were only used for around 4 billion minutes. Over the following four years, the figures for all three types of phone call increased steadily.
By 1999, the amount of time spent on local calls using landlines had reached a peak at 90 billion minutes. Subsequently, the figure for this category fell, but the rise in the other two types of phone call continued. In 2002, the number of minutes of national/international landline calls passed 60 billion, while the figure for mobiles rose to around 45 billion minutes.
The line graph shows information about the number of all marriages, first wedding together with a number of remarriages that took place in the UK over the period of 1951 to 2009.Initially, a gradual increase could be very well observed in all marriages and first weddings followed by a fall in the later period. However, remarriages plummeted to a certain period with a steady increase in subsequent years. In the year 1951, in spite of sharp fluctuations, the number of all weddings and first marriages were approximately 400,000 which soared to a new peak in the year 1971 reaching approximately 500,000 but these figures fell dramatically in 1973 and number of marriages dipped several times before sinking to a new low at the end of 2009. The number of second marriages in 1951 were recorded just under 100,000.After 1971, a steady increase could be analyzed in number of remarriages reaching more than 100,000 but it fell below 100,000 in 2009.
The map below is of the town of
Garlsdon. A new supermarket (S) is planned for the town. The map shows two
possible sites for the supermarket.
The map outlines two possible locations of a newly planned supermarket for Garlsdon, a town with a population of 65,000 people. As can be seen clearly, the site one is outside of the town, while the proposed site two is located in the middle of the town centre.
The site one is located in the northwest outside of the town, on the way to Hindon, a town with 10,000 population and 12 km from Garlsdon. It is between main roads and railway. In contrast, the site two is inside the town centre of Garlsdon, which is designated as no traffic zone, however, its distance to the railway is much closer than that of site one. There are three main roads, which connect to surrounding towns, Hindon, Bransdon, and Cransdon, with the population of 10,000, 15,000 and 29,000, respectively. However, the distance to the access of the main road is relatively far in comparing to that of site one.
The picture shows different body parts of an insect.The body consists of three main parts: the head, the thorax, and the abdomen. The head contains the insect’s brain, eyes, and mouth. It also carries the antennae. The thorax is the central part of the body. It bears the legs and wings. There are three pairs of legs and two pairs of wings. The insect’s abdomen contains its digestive and reproductive organs.
The picture illustrates the stages in the life of the salmon, from birth to maturity.Salmon begin their lives in rivers where the adult fish lay and incubate their eggs. After emerging from eggs, the young salmon spend the next stage of their lives being reared in freshwater areas. Then, at some point in their development, the fish swim downstream to river estuaries where rearing continues.
Following the estuary rearing period, the maturing salmon migrate to the ocean, where they eventually become fully grown adults. Finally, the adult fish travel back upstream to spawning areas of rivers; here they reproduce and lay their eggs, and the life cycle begins anew.
PTE Describe Image #1 – Revenue From Various Geographies
The graph above presents a geography-wise distribution of the revenue for the year 2012 as well as for the previous year, 2011. The Far East occupied the largest revenue share in both fiscal years with a slight decrease in FY12 from 36% to 27%. South East and India stood at 2nd and 3rd positions respectively in both the years with former increasing from 20% to 21% and latter from 15% to 18%. Africa stood as one of the least contributors in both the years.
The given pie chart and vertical bar graph exhibit the sales of spices in percentage. It is clearly evident that the sum of saffron and ginger sales amount to 50% of the total. Furthermore, the sum of ginger, cumin, and turmeric can also be seen to amount to 50% of all sales. In addition, the bottom three places are occupied by cinnamon, cardamom, and mace with 3%,2%and 1% respectively.
This graph shows a simple circuit with light. On the left of this image, I can see a bulb and in the right, I see a battery. Further, I can see the red arrow, which represents electrons, After that, it goes from the negative pole of the battery, passing through the bulb to the positive pole of the battery. In conclusion, this graph shows how the circuit of bulb can be connected.
The given pie chart and vertical bar graph exhibit the company percentages of total market share. It is clearly evident that the Company B holds the largest share of 40% and followed by Company C with 25%. The Company F hold the least share of the market with 1%. In recapitulate, we can say that 65% of the market is controlled by companies B and C saffron among all companies in terms of total market share.
The statistical data depicts information regarding revenue and Y/Y growth from Q3 of 2007 to Q2 of 2014. As we can determine sales skyrocketed in 2014 Q1 up to 60,000 and in the same year we can find the significant decline. However, Q3 of 2013 is definitely the slowest quarter of the calendar year which is evident from the chart above. Despite with lots of ups and downs, revenue had fluctuated between 2011 to 2014. In conclusion; the company has had turbulent sales.
PTE Describe Image #7 – Revenue Growth Rates By Region FY2014
The graph above illustrates the rate of revenue growth by region of the fiscal year 2014. The revenue growth rates in the Americas, Europe and Retail hovered around 6% year-over-year. During this period Greater China delivered 17% revenue growth, Japan delivered 11% revenue growth and the Rest of Asia Pacific delivered negative revenue growth. Combined, the Americas, Europe, and Retail segments represented about 70% of reported revenue.
The pie charts compare water usage in San Diego, California and the rest of the world. It is evident from the chart that water is primarily used for residential purposes in San Diego and California, while the agriculture sector consumes the lowest amount of water. However, the global trend is completely reversed. Overall, residential and agricultural water usage accounted for the majority of the water that was used in these three pie charts.
DESCRIBE IMAGE #1 – UNEMPLOYMENT RATES IN THE USA & JAPAN
The line graph describes the unemployment rates for the United States and Japan for a period of 7 years, 2003 to 2009. The given data suggests that the rates were decreasing in the US, from 7.0 in 2003 to 5.0 in 2009 while the rates were increasing in Japan, from 2.5 in 2003 to 5.0 in 2009. Overall, the trend continues at a similar rate until well beyond 2009.
DESCRIBE IMAGE #2 – WORLD FOOD AND OIL PRICES 2000-2011
The line graph shows the tight correlation between world food and oil prices over a period of 11 years, 2000 and 2011. Along with many price fluctuations, the trend is an uprising for the average global prices of both food and oil. In 2000, both the index were at a low index of around 90 points. There was a dramatic increase to over 220 points in the mid of 2008.
The line graph shows the intake of sugar versus the prevalence of obesity with adults in the United States over the period of 33 years, from 1980 to 2013. The trend suggests that from 1980 to 2000, as the obesity increased so did the intake of sugar. A dramatic shift occurred in 2000 when sugar intake starts lowering with obesity still rising.
DESCRIBE IMAGE #4 – AVERAGE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS
The graph depicts the average amount of CO2 emissions produced per capita for four countries, the UK, Sweden, Italy and Portugal between 1967 and 2007. The trend suggests that the UK and Sweden have steadily reduced CO2 emissions over the period. Italy and Portugal’s CO2 emissions have risen to much larger levels from low levels in emissions 40 years ago. Overall, Sweden was the most successful country in reducing its level of CO2 emissions than any of the 3 countries.
The line graph shows exports of rubber ducks for three countries, USA, EU, the UK from 2013 with a predicted trend for the future. Exports of rubber ducks in the USA started with 10,000 units in 2013, saw an uptrend and are predicted to fall sharply to only 2,000 units in 2017. In contrast, exports of rubber ducks from the EU is steadily rising with a fall in 2015. The same rising trend is predicted for the UK from 20,000 units to 40,000 units in 2017.
DESCRIBE IMAGE – POPULATION DENSITY, AUSTRALIA – JUNE 2009
The given map illustrates Australia’s population density in June 2010. Australia has an uneven population distribution. In June 2010, 2/3rd of the population lived in capital cities. A quick glance reveals the vast Outback as sparsely populated and moderately high population densities in the eastern, southeastern, and southwestern reaches of the country.
The two maps in the image show an island, before and after the construction of tourist. The island went through a significant change. A number of tourist facilities came into existence including a reception close to the center of the island, two rings of accommodations. The two lodgings are well-linked with footpaths and a track connects a restaurant with the reception and to a pier. Regardless of these constructions, the natural vegetation went untouched.
The image given here is a map of a city with two potential locations (S1 and S2). A golf course and park occupy the west of the city, and a river passes through the city center. The location S2 is situated near the city center, it borders on an industrial estate. The location S1 near a housing estate. Both the sites are connected by a railway.
This is a map illustrating the formation of “garbage patches” in the Pacific Ocean. The Eastern Patch is located to the south of Russia and east of Japan while the Western Patch is to the west coast of Canada, Mexico and the US. These are surrounded by the North Pacific Gyre currents. In conclusion, very few people are aware of this and hence the title “Out of sight, Out of mind”.
DESCRIBE IMAGE #1- OLYMPIC MEDALS WON IN 12
The bar chart here describes tally of Olympic medals won by 12 countries. The USA has won a total of 2300 Olympic medals approx and Japan has the least number of Olympic medals with less than 400 medals. Italy is ahead of Germany on golds, but Germany did better on other medals. Along with these 2, only 4 other countries – the USA, Soviet Union, the UK, France have won more than 500 Olympic medals. Overall, the USA is the most medal-winning country at the Olympic Games.
The diagram shows the process of producing electricity in a home using solar panels. There are 6 distinct steps in this process, beginning with the capture of energy from sunlight. A charge controller regulates the flow of PV electricity into the batteries. This current is passed to a battery system, which changes it to DC current or/and to an inverter, which changes it to AC current. To sum up, it describes how domestic electricity is produced using solar power.
DESCRIBE IMAGE #3 – INTERNET ACTIVITIES BY AGE GROUP
The given table gives information on internet use in six categories by seven age groups, ranging from teens to people in their 70s. As shown in the data sheet, teens primarily play games at 81% and read news at 76% while older people often search and buy products. Overall, most internet usage, for all age groups, were reported in the ‘getting the news’ and ‘researching a product’ categories.
The given diagram shows how the weather information is collected for accurate weather forecasting. The information collected via satellites, radars and drifting buoys are sent for analysis before broadcasting them to the public. The raw data collected is observed from the satellite photo, the radar screens and the synoptic charts are fed into a computer system to analyse and prepare the weather news for broadcasting via televisions, radios and telephones.
The given pie charts compare the percentage of customer service response in the years 2005 and 2010. In 2005, only 5% of the people considered the customer service to be excellent, while 14% rated it as good. In 2010, these numbers increased dramatically to 28% and 39%. Overall, the trend suggests that there was a significant improvement in customer services in 2010 compared to 2005.