1. The primary purpose of the passage is to:

A) settle the question of whether orb webs evolved once or more than once.
B) describe scientific speculation concerning an issue related to the evolution of orb webs.
C) analyze the differences between the characteristic features of spiders in the Araneidae and Uloboridae families.
D) question the methods used by earlier investigators of the habits of spiders.




2. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?

A) Current theories regarding the structure of the Earth’s mantle cannot account for new discoveries regarding the composition of mantle xenoliths.
B) There are conflicting hypotheses about the heterogeneity of the Earth’s mantle because few mantle elements have been thoroughly studied.
C) Further research is needed to resolve the debate among geologists over the
composition of the mid-ocean ridge system.
D) There is clear-cut disagreement within the geological community over the structure of the Earth’s mantle.




3. What is the primary purpose of the passage?

A) build a case for increasing the development of new infrastructure.
B) advocate an alternative to government financing of infrastructure.
C) explain the failure of a privately financed venture.
D) suggest the types of infrastructure most appropriate for private financing.




4. This passage states that:

A) the Greenhouse effect is destroying the planetʹs atmosphere.
B) temperatures in Greenland have been unusually stable over the past 100 years.
C) there is more than one kind of information that scientists can use to determine the characteristics of the Earthʹs early climate.
D) solar energy is the wave of the future.




5.  What is the main idea of this passage?

A) Studying history helps us to live in today’s world.
B) Studying history is not just memorization.
C) The role of education is to help students deal with real life.
D) Students should study both national and international history




6. This passage states that:

A) the Greenhouse effect is destroying the planetʹs atmosphere.
B). temperatures in Greenland have been unusually stable over the past 100 years.
C) there is more than one kind of information that scientists can use to determine the characteristics of the Earthʹs early climate.
D) solar energy is the wave of the future.




7. What is the main idea that the speaker is trying to convey in her comments?

A) The dose of opiates needed to treat chronic pain is usually 80 milligrams.
B) The rate of morphine addiction has not increased over the past 18 years.
C) Governments can play a key role in chronic pain management.
D) Authorization for the prescription of opiates is required every thirty days.




8. Which of the following best represents the main idea of this passage?

A) Despite a common topic, French and American cookbooks differ in the way they give directions.
B)
Because they are better cooks, the French write cookbooks that trust their readers’ judgment.
C) American cookbooks don’t have much faith in the cook’s ability to determine the right taste.




9. What is the main idea that the speaker is trying to convey?

A) The ancient Romans were the first to lead a life of pure luxury.
B) If the Romans had spent more time governing and less time bathing, the Roman Empire would still exist today.
C) The ancient Romans made luxury and socializing a part of bathing.




10. Ques: The main idea of passage is

A) The soil used in container plantings.
B) The management of container plantings
C) The effects of container for plants
D) The endurance of container plantings at homes.